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The Infant Curriculum / Foundation (Key Stage 1)

The Infant Curriculum consists of the Foundation Stage and National Curriculum Key Stage 1. The Foundation Stage is for children aged three to six. Children start this stage in pre-school settings and the final year is in Reception. Key Stage 1 is for children aged five to seven and covers Year 1 and Year 2. At the end of Key Stage 1 children have SAT's which assess their attainment in English, mathematics and science.

The Foundation Stage
This stage finishes when children are at the end of the Reception year. The children then move onto Key Stage 1 of the National Curriculum. There is some overlap between the two stages and most children will be working at a National Curriculum level as they approach the end of the Foundation Stage.
The Foundation Stage curriculum consists of six areas of learning. These are:

1. Personal, social and emotional development
2. Communication, language and literacy.
3. Mathematical development.
4. Knowledge and understanding of the world.
5. Physical development.
6. Creative development.

English is taught mainly through the National Literacy Strategy. This involves a literacy hour each day and a further two and a half hours of English during the week.
Reception work through a modified approach to the above hour. It is split into shorter sessions and includes structured play. In the summer term before Year 1, Reception will be working in almost the same way as the rest of the school. The additional time for English is spent on activities such as spelling, handwriting, extended writing and drama.
We have a colour coded reading scheme to ensure each child is reading a book at an appropriate level to develop their reading skills and fluency. Reading books are taken home every night and we encourage parents to write in the Home/School contact book any comments arising from hearing your child read.

Reception work on an integrated approach to mathematics as part of the Foundation Stage curriculum. Oral work and mental calculation may take place separately from the main teaching activity which can be spread throughout the day.
In Year 1 and 2 children work in maths ability groups. This means that children may have a different teacher for maths from their class teacher. We introduce maths groups into Year 1 after the first half term. Children’s progress within their group is monitored carefully and there may be some movement between groups if it is felt to be appropriate to enable the child to make the best possible progress.

Children have a natural curiosity about the world around them. Science stimulates this curiosity and satisfies it with knowledge.
Through science children begin to understand how it has an impact on technological change and the world they live in. It also gives children a sense of awe and wonder in the world with its many natural and man-made phenomena.
The science curriculum has three main strands; living things, materials and physical processes. Underpinning each strand is scientific enquiry which encourages an active and hands-on approach to learning. In Reception science forms part of the ‘Knowledge and Understanding of the World’ strand of the Foundation Stage curriculum.

Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
ICT is a core curriculum subject and is used throughout the school as an important tool in developing skills and supporting the achievements of all the children.
ICT is used throughout the school with guided access to the internet, digital photography, scanning technology and the use of a video camera to enhance both delivery of lessons and presentation of children’s work. We have networked PC platform computers throughout the school.

African and World History
History fires children’s curiosity about the past. Children learn more about themselves and their place in society as they develop a sense of chronology as well as an understanding of the significance of past events.
In history children find evidence, weigh it up and reach their own conclusions. To do this they need to be able to research, sift through evidence and argue for their point of view – skills that are prized in adult life.
Children in school make good use of their own family and the local area to find out about the past. History topics at various times of the year will focus on changing lifestyles and the impact on the environment. It also gives the children the opportunity to explore cultural diversity within their own society and beyond.

Geography provokes and answers questions about the natural and human worlds. It inspires children to think about their own place in the world, their values, their rights and their responsibilities to other people and the environment.
Geography topics will focus on local areas and develop to contrasting these areas with the wider world to promote children’s understanding of a multi-cultural world. Geographical skills such as map-making make good use of the local environment.

African and World Art
From Yinka Shonbare to the Pop Art, Art and design stimulates children’s creativity and imagination. Children will use colour, form, texture, pattern and different materials and processes to communicate what they see, feel and think. They explore the work of other artists and designers past and present and art and design from other cultures.
Children are given opportunities in their work to experiment and are taught the skills needed to develop their ideas. They will be given opportunities to work independently, in small groups or on whole class activities. There are regular visits to the British Museum and The Museum of London.

Design Technology
DT prepares children to take part in our rapidly changing world. Through DT children learn to think creatively working as individuals and as a member of a team.
Children will be taught skills to enable them to carry out DT projects. They will learn to use simple tools safely. These range from scissors to hand drills. They will learn about a variety of materials, how to cut and join them and how to combine skills in projects. In the Foundation Stage the children cover DT through Knowledge and Understanding of the World and Creative Development. At Key Stage 1 the children will undertake a variety of projects.

Religious Education and Spiritual Development
All faiths are welcome at the African Community School. Through RE children are introduced to the six main religions and religious life in Britain today. They discover what practises, ideas and beliefs are involved and how they affect the daily life of those people belonging to those faiths.
Children will look at aspects of world religions including Christianity, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism, Hinduism and Buddhism and compare aspects of those different faiths.
RE is also about the child’s own spiritual development. It shows how religious beliefs suggest answers to their own personal existence. Spiritual development is concerned with the development of ideas, beliefs and values within the context of each individual being part of a wider community. It also involves developing a sense of awe and wonder in children about the world around them. There are opportunities in all areas of the curriculum for spirituality to be explored.

Personal, Social, Health and Citizenship Education (PSHEC)
The children work on a range of topics in PSHEC. Many of these are integrated into other curriculum areas, particularly science. These topics include work on medicines and drugs, sex education, personal safety, diet and exercise, belonging to a community and making choices.

We believe it is important that children are introduced to a modern foreign language at the earliest possible age. French will be taught in an interactive way with lots of games, singing and activities.




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